**1.**

Decimal Fractions:

Decimal Fractions:

Fractions in which denominators are powers of 10 are

known as

known as

**decimal fractions.**
Thus, 1/10 = 1 tenth = .1; 1/100 = 1 hundredth = .01;

99/100 = 99

hundredths = .99; 7/1000 =

7 thousandths = .007, etc.;

hundredths = .99; 7/1000 =

7 thousandths = .007, etc.;

**2.**

Conversion of a Decimal into Vulgar Fraction:

Conversion of a Decimal into Vulgar Fraction:

Put 1 in the denominator under the decimal point and

annex with it as many zeros as is the number of digits after the decimal point.

Now, remove the decimal point and reduce the fraction to its lowest terms.

annex with it as many zeros as is the number of digits after the decimal point.

Now, remove the decimal point and reduce the fraction to its lowest terms.

Thus, 0.25 = 25/100 = 1/4 ; 2.008 = 2008/1000 = 251/125.

**3.**

Annexing Zeros and Removing Decimal Signs:

Annexing Zeros and Removing Decimal Signs:

Annexing zeros to the extreme right of a decimal

fraction does not change its value. Thus, 0.8 = 0.80 = 0.800, etc.

fraction does not change its value. Thus, 0.8 = 0.80 = 0.800, etc.

If numerator and denominator of a fraction contain

the same number of decimal places, then we remove the decimal sign.

the same number of decimal places, then we remove the decimal sign.

Thus, 1.84/2.99 = 184/299 = 8/13.

**4.**

Operations on Decimal Fractions:

Operations on Decimal Fractions:

**i.**

Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Fractions:The given numbers are so placed under each other

Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Fractions:

that the decimal points lie in one column. The numbers so arranged can now be

added or subtracted in the usual way.

**ii.**

Multiplication of a Decimal Fraction By a Power of 10:Shift the decimal point to the right by as many

Multiplication of a Decimal Fraction By a Power of 10:

places as is the power of 10.

Thus, 5.9632 x 100 = 596.32; 0.073 x 10000 = 730.

**iii.**

Multiplication of Decimal Fractions:Multiply the given numbers considering them without decimal point. Now,

Multiplication of Decimal Fractions:

in the product, the decimal point is marked off to obtain as many places of

decimal as is the sum of the number of decimal places in the given numbers.

Suppose we have to find the product (.2 x 0.02 x

.002).

.002).

Now, 2 x 2 x 2 = 8. Sum of decimal places = (1 + 2 +

3) = 6.

3) = 6.

.2 x .02 x

.002 = .000008

.002 = .000008

**iv.**

Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Counting Number:Divide the given number without considering the

Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Counting Number:

decimal point, by the given counting number. Now, in the quotient, put the

decimal point to give as many places of decimal as there are in the dividend.

Suppose we have to find the quotient (0.0204 Ã• 17).

Now, 204 Ã• 17 = 12.

Now, 204 Ã• 17 = 12.

Dividend contains 4 places of decimal. So, 0.0204 Ã•

17 = 0.0012

17 = 0.0012

**v.**

Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Decimal Fraction:Multiply both the dividend and the divisor by a

Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Decimal Fraction:

suitable power of 10 to make divisor a whole number.

Now, proceed as above.

Thus, 0.00066/0.11 = 0.00066

x 100/0.11 x 100 = 0.066/11 =

.006

x 100/0.11 x 100 = 0.066/11 =

.006

**5.**

Comparison of Fractions:

Comparison of Fractions:

Suppose some fractions are to be arranged in

ascending or descending order of magnitude, then convert each one of the given

fractions in the decimal form, and arrange them accordingly.

ascending or descending order of magnitude, then convert each one of the given

fractions in the decimal form, and arrange them accordingly.

Let us to arrange the fractions 3/5, 6/7 and 7/9 in

descending order.

descending order.

Now, 3/5 = 0.6,

6/7 = 0.857, 7/9 = 0.777…

6/7 = 0.857, 7/9 = 0.777…

Since, 0.857 > 0.777… > 0.6. So, 6/7 > 7/9 > 3/5 .

**6.**

Recurring Decimal:

Recurring Decimal:

If in a decimal fraction, a figure or a set of

figures is repeated continuously, then such a number is called a

figures is repeated continuously, then such a number is called a

**recurring**

decimal.decimal

n a recurring decimal, if a single figure is

repeated, then it is expressed by putting a dot on it. If a set of figures is

repeated, it is expressed by putting a bar on the set.

repeated, then it is expressed by putting a dot on it. If a set of figures is

repeated, it is expressed by putting a bar on the set.

Thus, 1/3 =

0.333… = 0.3; 22/7 = 3.142857142857…. = 3.142857.

0.333… = 0.3; 22/7 = 3.142857142857…. = 3.142857.

**Pure**

Recurring Decimal:A decimal

Recurring Decimal:

fraction, in which all the figures after the decimal point are repeated, is

called a pure recurring decimal.

**Converting**

a Pure Recurring Decimal into Vulgar Fraction: Write the repeated figures only once in the numerator and take as many

a Pure Recurring Decimal into Vulgar Fraction

nines in the denominator as is the number of repeating figures.

Thus, 0.5 = 5/9;

0.53 = 53/99; 0.067 = 67/999, etc.

0.53 = 53/99; 0.067 = 67/999, etc.

**Mixed**

Recurring Decimal:A decimal

Recurring Decimal:

fraction in which some figures do not repeat and some of them are repeated, is

called a mixed recurring decimal.

Eg. 0.1733333.. = 0.173.

**Converting**

a Mixed Recurring Decimal Into Vulgar Fraction:In the numerator, take the difference between the

a Mixed Recurring Decimal Into Vulgar Fraction:

number formed by all the digits after decimal point (taking repeated digits

only once) and that formed by the digits which are not repeated. In the

denominator, take the number formed by as many nines as there are repeating

digits followed by as many zeros as is the number of non-repeating digits.

Thus, 0.16 = (16 – 1)/ 90 = 15/90 = 1/6; 0.2273 = (2273

– 22)/ 9900 = 2251/9900.

– 22)/ 9900 = 2251/9900.

**7.**

Some Basic Formulae:

Some Basic Formulae:

i. (a

+ b)(a – b) = (a

+ b)(a – b) = (a

^{2 }– b^{2})
ii. (a

+ b)

+ b)

^{2 }= (a^{2}+ b^{2}+ 2ab)
iii. (a

– b)

– b)

^{2}= (a^{2}+ b^{2}– 2ab)
iv. (a

+ b + c)

bc + ca)

+ b + c)

^{2}= a^{2}+ b^{2}+ c^{2}+ 2(ab +bc + ca)

v. (a

^{3 }+ b^{3}) = (a + b)(a^{2}– ab + b^{2})
vi. (a

– b

^{3}– b

^{3}) = (a – b)(a^{2}+ ab + b^{2})
vii. (a

+ b

+ c

^{3}+ b

^{3}+ c^{3}– 3abc) = (a + b + c)(a^{2}+ b^{2}+ c

^{2}– ab – bc – ac)
viii. When

a + b + c = 0, then a

a + b + c = 0, then a

^{3}+ b^{3}+ c^{3}= 3abc.**Maths:****Also Read:**

Decimal Fraction- Tricks & Shortcuts Formulas

Reviewed by SSC NOTES

on

February 02, 2022

Rating: